Description: This session will examine the differences between the Negro folk, or congregational spiritual and the concert, or arranged spiritual in worship and concert performance. These sacred folk songs, created by anonymous individuals or groups of individuals and by arrangers are truly an American creation and have been captured in four-part settings in hymnals and collections and in extended arrangements for choirs. Using various examples from current denomination hymnals and concert choral arrangements of Negro spiritual, the session will focus on their appropriate liturgical uses and general performance practices of this genre.

Location: McCrary Music Building, Baylor University – Waco, Texas